Different Varieties Of Tomato – You Should Know About Them
Summer is here means hot days are here, and so this is the time to enjoy juicy vegetables and fruits. And tomato is one of them which is not only used in summer but also it is consumed all over the year. This juice vegetable is very tasty and healthy, and in summer, it keeps the body hydrated.
But do you know there are many tomato varieties available?
No, you should read this blog as here in this blog, we are shown all the top varieties of tomato that keep you healthy, especially in summer. Let’s start!
Tomato in India
Tomato is one of the largest consumed vegetables in India, the second most essential crop of World after potatoes. The origin of this vegetable is southern or central America. But now tomatoes are used or cultivated around the World. The botanical name of tomato is Solanum Lycopersicum belonging to the Nightshade family. India is a highly tomato producing country. Bihar, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya are the major tomato producing Indian states.
Tomatoes are eaten both raw or in cooked forms. In fact, in India, these are consumed on an extensive scale. This tasty veggie is the primary or secondary ingredient in almost all kinds of cuisines or the other dishes in India. They are processed industrially in the making of soups, sauces, purees, chutney, and pickle, which all fast food lovers like. Additionally, tomato is a rich source of vitamin A, C, minerals, and potassium.
Different Names of Tomato in Various Languages
In various regions or states, tomatoes are called by different names. Such as
- Hindi – Tamator
- Tamil – Takkali
- Malayalam – Takkali
- Telugu – Tametokai / Ramamulaga (Pandu/Kaya)
- Kannada – Tomaato Hannu
- Bengali – Toamaatar
- Gujarati – Tameta
- Konkani – Tomato
- Marathi – Tamoto
- Oriya – Bilati Baigana
- Punjabi – Tamatar
- Kashmiri – Ruwangum
Tomato Cultivation In India
The ideal cultivation time of tomatoes in summer. Growing this veggie in summers is relatively easy and simple as it is a warm-season crop, mainly grown from March to June. The tomato is ideally grown at the temperature of 21°C – 24°C. There are many ways to cultivate tomatoes, such as in pots, in small gardens, large open fields, and in the case of commercial cultivation, the greenhouse is the best method.
Additionally, suitable tractors and machines are also required for the good of tomatoes. Several top brands are available in the Indian market, producing different tractors and farm machines for tomato cultivation. In the latest technology, the Kubota tractor is the best and ideal option for tomato farming as it is equipped with advanced features, providing work excellency in the field. Now it is the main reason for the high production of tomatoes in India. So if you’re planning to start tomato farming, then you should pick the Kubota tractor for it.
Varieties of Tomato in India
There are many types of tomato available in India which have all the beneficial qualities, and they are also very delicious. Have a look.
- Pusa Hybrid
The first variety is the Pusa hybrid which IARI, New Delhi introduces. This veggie variety is well grown in hot and humid temperatures and can easily handle temperatures up to 30℃ – 35℃. The shape of the post hybrid is sound and has thick but shiny skin. The average yield per hectare of this variety is 25-32 tonnes and is grown all over India.
- Pusa Ruby
The next variety is Pusa Ruby which IARI, New Delhi also cultivates. This variety of tomato is an average yielding variety. This variety is the best option for cultivation, even during the summer and spring. It is the right choice for cultivation, even during the spring and summers. Pusa Ruby is good for both industrial and table purposes. The size of veggie is medium, has a uniform red colour with slightly acidic pulp, ideal for fresh consumption and processing. Autumn, winter and spring-summer seasons are ideal for Pusa ruby cultivation. It is grown all over India.
- Arka Saurabh
The next variety is Arka Saurabh which are identified by its characteristic nipple at the apex. It is introduced by the Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bangalore. The average yield of Pusa Ruby is around 30-35 tonnes per hectare. This variety has medium-large size, deep red, round with green shoulder, a firm with nipple tip. It is grown for both fresh markets and processing. The major producing states are H.P., J&K, Hills of U.P., Punjab, U.P., Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, A.P., Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana, Delhi, M.P., Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
- Arka Abhijit
The next variety of tomato is Arka Abhijit, a high yielding cultivar of tomatoes produced under IIHR, Bangalore. It has a medium size, red-green colour with thick pulp. The veggie has long shelf life, making them ideal for long-distance transports. It is perfect for year-round cultivation yields with an average production of 65 tonnes per hectare. Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Arunachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana, Delhi, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala are major Arka Abhijit growing Indian states.
These are some of the best varieties of tomatoes which have their own qualities whether in taste or regarding health. They are best, tasty, and healthy, liked by almost everyone. For more such topics, tune in with us.